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Jupiter's Great Red Spot - A Super Storm

The most prominent and well-known feature of the planet Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. It is not a surface feature, as the hard core of Jupiter lies at the bottom of an atmosphere that is thousands of miles deep. So what can explain something as seemingly permanent as the Great Red Spot? ...

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JupiterRedSpot
Biology

Fahrenheit 98.6

When you're well, your body temperature stays very close to 37o C. (98.6o F.), whether you're playing basketball in an overheated gym or sleeping in the stands at an ice hockey game in a snowstorm. ... Continue reading

Fahrenheit986
Biology

The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

In the mid-l800s, naturalist John Audubon reported that the red-cockaded woodpecker was found abundantly in the pine forests of the southeastern United States. Historically, this woodpecker's range ... Continue reading

TheRedCockadedWoodpecker
Geology

Devils Postpile National Monument

Established in 1911 by presidential proclamation, Devils Postpile National Monument protects and preserves the Devils Postpile formation, the 101-foot Rainbow Falls, and the pristine mountain scenery. ... Continue reading

DevilsPostpileNationalMonument
Biology

Vampires

What flying creature can hop, leap, and turn somersaults? Another hint: it can fit in the palm of your hand and weighs about the same as a penny. One more hint: its entire diet is blood. Desmodus ... Continue reading

Vampires

Leading Killer Wears Two Faces

DiabetesDiabetes is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States. About 17 million people (6.2% of the population) have diabetes. But the disease usually wears two faces. Type 1 diabetes affects young people and Type 2 diabetes affects adults. Doctors have determined that the causes are not the same. The effect though, is a manageable, but often debilitating disease.

In simple terms, the disease is a breakdown in the body's ability to regulate glucose in the bloodstream. Glucose is the food that our cells use to make energy. If glucose levels remain too high for too long, tissue damage occurs. Insulin, the hormone that controls the level of glucose, is produced by the pancreas. When the production of insulin is faulty, and glucose levels are not properly controlled, the result is the disease we call diabetes mellitus.

Type 1 diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the body's own immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. The onset of Type 1 is usually in children and young adults. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin, either by injection or through an insulin pump to avoid a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Type 2 diabetes accounts for over 80% of all diagnosed cases and occurs when the pancreas makes some, but not enough insulin. More than 80% of people diagnosed with Type 2 are overweight, which leads to resistance of insulin action, and do not get proper exercise. Doctors believe that Type 2 diabetes is, in part, a lifestyle disease. Yet another reason to push that donut away and get on the exercise bike.